St. Anthony West
The first area I visited for research was St. Anthony West where I relatively spent most time. When I looked around at a glance at first sitting in a car, it didn’t seem to be that different from other areas in Minneapolis; however, as time goes by, my thought has changed. It is definitely as good as downtown Minneapolis to live. When it comes to historic information of this town, it can be described as industrial and immigrant heritage area.
A number of arts influenced by European culture can be found in Northeast Minneapolis Arts Association (NEMAA) Artist Guide Book. As mentioned above, this part of Minneapolis has been famous for industrial area and an example includes Graco, a leading company in fluid-handling systems worldwide which was founded in 1926. This explains how its industry was prosperous at that time and also it is pretty impressing to have its world headquarter here in St. Anthony West.
According to the interview with Rosen who has been in charge of Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church, which is the oldest church in the city, for 20 years; however, this town went through decline of industries. Due to this, St. Anthony has changed a lot for 20 years in regard to the demographics as well. What I can say confidently is this town becomes more diverse so that’s why there are churches“built by own nationalities like French Canadian Catholic Church” according to Rosen. The founding that Catholic churches are more commonly found than any other church is also impressing.
This area was traditionally populated by European immigrants such as Polish (the most); Lebanese; Finnish; German; Russian; Ukrainian, but this trend is getting replaced by Somalis; African Americans; Latin-Americans in recent days. What is more interesting is four of five historical Polish churches in Minneapolis are located in Northeast. Many historical examples exist in terms of historical relationship between Europe and St. Anthony other than this.
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church is also a clear example of European legacy, which is an Eastern European influenced church whose history is traced back to 1849. Rosen said in an interview, “St. Anthony was also named by Father Louis Hennepin in 1680.” He is a Catholic friar of Belgium birth. Street names in French are also found here such as Hennepin and Nicollet.
Speaking of its history further, St. Anthony developed along the Mississippi river which has been an important source of residential life for people. Rosen mentioned “revitalization” a couple of times putting a high emphasize on how important the river was in history. There were so many people hoping to live near the river that refoundation occurred upfront of the river with housing development.
Overall, Downtown Northeast is formed like a dividing line with lying both South-East and North-East Minneapolis. Along the downtown are there various old architectures, classic housings, clustered commercial stores, and churches. People in St. Anthony West seemed very satisfied and peaceful and many are enjoying light meal outside the restaurant with parties. Some are jogging in the streets but not many people in the park at that time. I really became aware of how St. Anthony has developed over the years through the interview and research.
Logan Park is a small community that not many people are living this part of Minneapolis. I visited Logan Recreation Center which is part of Recreation & Park Activities.
Before it was officially named, Logan Park was known as First Ward Park. In 1887, it became known as Ninth Ward Park and in May of that year, one of the Civil War veterans proposed naming Logan Park which named after John Logan, major general of Union Army volunteers during the Civil War. (Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board 122.2008.Smith, David) Actually, there were historically a couple of times more that altered the name of the park after that, but it was chosen to follow Logan’s name in the end, which was in 1893. Logan Park, generally, seems to have highly related history to the Civil War as illustrated in the introduction
At first, I was really surprised to see how many years Logan Park has embraced the environment around this park. According to the report written by MPRB, it was the most developed of the land and, moreover, became the first park that equipped an ice-skating link on dry land, which means very developed technology.
Again, it was such a great and first experience in my life to do research in this way and the interviews are also really helpful.