Background for Phillips in Minneapolis
Phillips is one of the numerous neighborhoods in Twin Cities area. Phillips was own only one neighborhood, even though things changed a few years ago, currently there are four neighborhoods belong to Phillips, they are: Phillips West, Phillips East, Ventura Village and midtown Village. But the old residents in Phillips still consider only one neighborhood, even recent years; Phillips experienced the expansion in area. Officially, the current area of Phillips is located in the south to the downtown Minneapolis, the boundaries of Philips is broader than before, north to the I-94, south to the Lake Street, east to the Hiawatha Avenue, west to I-35W, about ten minutes drive from UMN—west bank. I visited Phillips with my partner on Friday morning, it was a beautiful day, and I found I went to the Chinese and Japanese restaurant in HiLake Shopping District many times before this visits, but never know it belongs to Phillips neighborhood.
According to the Phillips Neighborhood Network, from the beginning, the community was constructed because of the great location; it’s super close to the Milwaukee road railroad, which means had convenient transportation. As various housing and business appeared gradually, the Phillips community started to form. However, people didn’t call Phillips neighborhood until 1960’s, it was considered as near southside, then southside till the model city program implemented in 1960’s. Not only the name, everything changed significantly in Phillips compared to the past. Nowadays, you will find it’s hard to see whites in Phillips: most residents are African American and Latinos. We saw Spanish everywhere, even the notice board in front of the church. But things could be very different many years ago, the community was divided into two sections, western parts mainly for wealthy people in the city, workers and poor people resident in the eastern side. Also, Phillips community was the home for immigrants for north European, like people from Sweden, German, and Ireland.(http://www.pnn.org/History/Stories/railroads_and_industry.htm)
American Swedish Institute locates on 2600 Park Avenue in Phillips, we also visited there. The woman who sells tickets for us told me, her grandfather immigrated to Phillips, MN from Sweden, Europe, she lives in MN in her all life, but not in Phillips anymore. The change in racial composition and development of Phillips community happened in 1934. The Great Depression had a destructive impact over the American economy, even the whole western world; Philips was no exception. From 1964, Phillips was not the home for rich people anymore, adversely; it became the one of home for people in poverty. We don’t see many people in Phillips on Friday.
The main types of people are:
1. Non-native Newbies—Foreign-born individuals who just moved to U.S.A significant proportion of people who have moved to the U.S. from Puerto Rico, the U.S. Island Areas, or a foreign country. Wide age range. Some have a high school or college education, and they work in a variety of occupations.
2. Unmarried With Children—Urban single parents. These single parents are making ends meet with moderate income. Some went on to college, while others finished high school or lower. Most work in service, management, or professional occupations.
3. Bringing Up Baby—Younger urban couples just starting families. Mixed educational status with some having a high school education and some college. Income from the low- to high-end.
American Swedish Institute
Various diverse culture flourish here; Phillips is proud of being one of the neighborhoods with most vibrant culture and history. As we explored though the neighborhood, stylistic ancient housing really impressed me, every house in Phillips can be historical preservation, which contains too many stories, majority of them are Victorian style. Fortunately, Minneapolis city council did a good job in protecting all these valuable historical setting in Phillips, we still could smell the strong flavor of history. Midtown Exchange, Midtown Greenway, American Swedish Institute, Hi-Lake Shopping District and Stewart Park are most famous places of interests in Phillips, we also visited three most popular churches though the area, but they are not open on Friday.
SANTO ROSARIO CATHOLIC CHURCH
Business and e-commerce is the Phillips and the ever-changing diorama as the arrival of the wave of new immigrants and old business growth, adaptation, or move (and sometimes across to the new quarterly streets). Scandinavian immigrants and Jewish businesses had gathered around the church and synagogue, Franklin Avenue business district, including shopping centers established by the American Indian Community Development Corporation (AINDC “). These Same function applied in Midtown Exchange, which built in 1920’s, as the second-most biggest building in TC area, only smaller than Mall of America, midtown exchange is significant for the development of business in Phillips, even now half of the building functions as residential apartment, it was the headquarter of Sears and other influential corporations.
More visionary and a wide range of City Stock Exchange, Chicago Avenue and Lake Street intersection, on behalf of city, county, state governments and the federal government, together with private investors, almost $ 300 million in new office space, business investment, and housing. Due to be completed in 2006, it may attempt in the history of the largest and most ambitious project in the state of Minnesota. Along the length of the Phillips Lake and Chicago business and e-commerce will be huge. A smaller, but very focused on the reconstruction took place in the high Lake Mall, Lake Street and Hiawatha Avenue East cross the intersection. The project aims to the neighborhood and the Light Rail Transit (LRT) line, fill Crossroads passengers.
Hi-Lake Shopping District
Phillips neighborhood keeps making contribution to Minneapolis, in cultural diversity, business development and psychological home for minorities.
Marks, Wizard. Phillips neighborhood network. The Alley in May, 05 1990. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.pnn.org/History/Stories/railroads_and_industry.htm>.
“Phillips Community.” City of Minneapolis. N.p., 27 09 2011. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.minneapolismn.gov/neighborhoods/phillips/neighborhoods_phillips_profile_home>.