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Final Reflection of Marcy Holmes

Over the last three weeks I have learned about how intercultural communication affects a lot of dynamics within a neighborhood and community. I have learned how the identity of the culture changes with time along with the power of the people in the neighborhood.


In this article, I will be reflecting on my experience of the culture in the Marcy Holmes neighborhood.


To fully understand intercultural communication within a neighborhood one must look at how the formation of the neighborhood and cities as site for cultural contestation and intercultural communication complicates or even nuances the understanding of the concept.


The formation of Marcy Holmes started with intercultural communication between the Native Americans who worshiped the St. Anthony Falls and white loggers who wanted to use the river as a business ( The communication was complicated and contested because each group wanted the land for the different reasons. Eventually the white settlers were able to gain control of the land and turned it onto an industrial neighborhood. Marcy Holmes was considered “the city’s of the neighborhood” according to ( The neighborhood had its main intercultural communication conflict when it was just starting to become a neighborhood. Now the main reason there is an intercultural communication contestation is due to the fact that the housing pricing is going up because of the amount of wealthy people are moving into the community.


To understand an area’s culture, one must look at the history, economic, and social aspects of that community. Looking at those three things will help a visitor understand the community much better when they are in the neighborhood.


Native Americans were the first people to settle in Marcy Holmes, then white settlers moved in around 150 years ago and started to develop the area ( The area became more developed as time went on because more opportunities arose from the influx of people settling there ( In fact, in 1850 the census recorded 656 people in the St. Anthony Falls area, the first business was opened in 1847, and the first school was opened in 1848 ( The area was obviously expanding at the time and becoming a place to start a life with a family. It was becoming an industrial area and mills were starting to pop up.


The culture of the area now has a lot to do with the things that were left behind from the past. Some of the buildings that were being used as mills are now apartment complexes. For instance, the Pillsbury A Mill is being reconstructed inside to become affordable apartment units (DuBois, 2012). Along the river many old buildings are being used for miscellaneous things such as Segway tours, apartments, and restaurants. The history of the old Marcy Holmes is extremely intertwined with the day to day life in modern Marcy Holmes. Everywhere you walk you run into something of historical value dating back to the beginning of the neighborhood.


The economic standing of Marcy Holmes consists of students as well as young affluent professionals. The students are quite poor and live in houses closer to the University of Minnesota where the rent is much cheaper than where the young crowd in the working world live. The young professionals are considered affluent and trendy according to many conversations that I have had with people around the area. Joseph, a man I talked with who is a resident of Marcy Holmes, stated, “The rent has been going up in the 12 years I have lived here due to the increase of younger and more affluent people moving into the neighborhood.”


The social aspect of Marcy Holmes is divided into two sections, students and young professionals, as I stated earlier. The students around the usually attend the University of Minnesota because it is affordable housing that is off campus. As a resident of Dinkytown and a student at the University of Minnesota, I enjoy the atmosphere of Marcy Holmes. I love how close it is to school as well as the cultural background that I run into on a regular basis. I go on runs around the neighborhood and find something new that I haven’t seen before. I personally love to run to the Stone Arch Bridge because there is an amazing view of the old factories and the Mississippi River.


Young professional’s social aspect of the area is quite broad. They live so close to downtown that they could easily walk to something going on across the river. There is the Guthrie, which is one of the most prestigious theaters in Minneapolis. There is a list of things to do on certain days in the Marcy Holmes neighborhood at such as, Ten Second Film Festival ( It is quite self explanatory, you make a Ten second film to show to an audience ( It is held at the Soap Factory, which is an old soap factory converted into “a laboratory for artistic experimentation and innovation” ( The young professional’s social aspect is quite artsy and trendy.


Now that you know about the history, economic, and social aspects of Marcy Holmes, I want to tell you about how culture influences communication within cities.


I believe that culture influences communication within cities because in every city there are different neighborhoods that have different cultures. Some neighborhoods are culturally similar and some are extremely different.


In Marcy Holmes the culture is “an urban entertainment scene by night, Marcy-Holmes is a welcome mix of old and new, traditional and trendy” ( Marcy Holmes attracts people who like the “traditional and trendy” culture and it influences communication. It influences communication because of the attractions. The attractions being things like the Ten Second Film Festival or a Frisbee Golf Tournament. The events going on in the community creates togetherness for people and influences people to communicate with each other. They are coming together for a common cause or event and it inspires communication within the city. These events are not limited to people only in the neighborhood of Marcy Holmes, making it a great way to open up communication to other people within the city of Minneapolis to experience the community’s culture. Culture influences more communication within Marcy Holmes because of the events that are put on around the neighborhood.


In conclusion, Marcy Holmes has had an extremely interesting past coming from the Native Americans to industrial neighborhood to now an artsy community of students and young affluent professionals. I learned that to fully understand a neighborhood one must recognize culture contestation and intercultural communication and comprehend the concept of it. I also learned about how the economic state, history of the area, and social aspect of the neighborhood effects who decides to live there and what type of culture they will have. According to Martin and Nakayama, “Cultural adaptation is a process by which individuals learn the rules and customs of new cultural contexts” (Martin & Nakayama, 2010). When people move into a new neighborhood then they need to learn the aspects of the culture and by me living here I understand the culture of the area and the social norms that go on. Understanding intercultural norms is a key factor to learning how to communicate with people who differ from yourself. You must understand someone elses culture to be able to effectively communicate with them. I feel I understand Marcy Holmes now that I know the history and understand the culture of the neighborhood.


DuBois, A. (2012, April 18). Pillsbury a mill to be converted into affordable housing. Minnesota Daily. Retrieved from


Martin, J., & Nakayama, T. (2010). Intercultural communication in contexts. New York: McGraw-Hill.




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Power in Money and Numbers

The way I view power is the party who is able to leverage what they have to gain more. I believe that there is power in knowledge, numbers, and your voice but I also believe that money is an enormous aspect to having power in the world.


The power in Marcy Holmes has shifted a couple of different ways over the past few centuries. It has shifted from a Native American community all the way to now affluent young professional and student housing.


To start, the Native American community had power over the land now called Marcy Holmes. In this area they would worship the now called St. Anthony Falls water fall ( It was named St. Anthony Falls by Father Louis Hennepin a white Franciscan priest ( That is a demonstration of power right there. The Native Americans worship the waterfall and then a white man comes in and decides to name it something of his religion. This shows who had the power in the relationship between the Native Americans and the white settlers.


The next thing that happened was the Native Americans were pushed out of their land and the white people took over where they were living in the 1800s ( The white men used their power to push out the Native Americans because they wanted to use their waterfall for their logging business (


The demonstration of power was amazing because they took the Native Americans sacred waterfall and turned it into a way to turn profit. So they built a city around the river because it was prosperous and people were starting to move into the now named “Marcy Holmes” neighborhood ( The power had shifted indefinitely.


According to an elderly couple, Bob and Joanne who lived in Marcy Holmes for 25 years, said that “For a while the Marcy Holmes area wasn’t safe for people to be walk around alone at night because of the homeless people”. The power of the area was taken over by homeless people until it started to become more developed. When more places to live became available is when the area became a better place to live. The power started to shift to people who can afford to live in the neighborhood.


A question about power, “How does the contemporary political, economic, or social context of this neighborhood potentially influence how we understand power as operating within relation to this neighborhood?”


Nowadays the people who live in the vicinity are students and prosperous young professionals. The social reason that the students have the power in the neighborhood is due to the fact that the University of Minnesota is right next to the community. The social reason that the trendy young professionals live there is because of the community. The power comes in numbers for each group of people living in Marcy Holmes.


The economic reason that students live in the area is due to cheap student living. There are many places for students to live that they can find for a cheap monthly cost. On the other hand, if someone was looking for a more expensive place to live then they could find one. The economic reason that the young professionals live in the are is that there are nice places for people to live who make a good income and enjoy being around youthful people. For instance, the Pillsbury A Mill is being restored for people who want to live in a nice place that is pretty affordable (DuBois, 2012). The power is in the location to the city for people working because it is within walking distance to the city.


When asked about, “How might we understand the relationship between culture, power, and context in this neighborhood?” there are one thing to talk about and that is the power in numbers. The majority of people who live in the area are either students or professionals who are just starting out in the work force that have money. The power that they have as a community is large because of the amount of them who are here. The population is growing too because of the upcoming apartment complexes being built and remodeled. The Pillsbury A Mill is one of them as well as ([…] plans for a five story, 57 unit apartment complex […] to be constructed on the now vacant lot at the corner of Fourth Street and Eighth Avenue” (Sudeheimer, 2012).


In conclusion, throughout the history of Marcy Holmes, the power has been shifted from Native Americans to white settlers out for a logging business and finally to students and young professionals. The people in power around Marcy Holmes, has been determined by money and the number of people living in the area for centuries.


DuBois, A. (2012, April 18). Pillsbury a mill to be converted into affordable housing. Minnesota Daily. Retrieved from


Sudheimer, N. (2012, April 04). 4th street apartment plans move forward. Minnesota Daily. Retrieved from

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Identities in Marcy Holmes

Marcy Holmes is now a place where young professionals and students who are trendy reside. I learned in my class that a culture has people who are alike and have an identity as a whole. The similarity principle states, “we tend to be attracted to people who we perceive to be similar to ourselves” (Martin & Nakayama, 2010). This proves that people with similar identities are attracted to others of the same culture.


The identity of an area depends on what people consist in the area. If it is a poor neighborhood it is likely that the people who live there are poor as well. In the Marcy Holmes neighborhood the people consist of affluent people who are young as well as some students who most likely attend the University of Minnesota.


The identity of the Marcy Holmes area is young people who are trendy that either go to school or have jobs and just graduated. The identity is a contested site by some people but dynamic to others. There are a good amount of people who are trendy young professionals but also a good amount of people who are students and are in student housing around the area. That is what seemed to be the consensus from the people on the street.


When asked, “How might we understand the relationship between culture, identity, and context in this neighborhood?” I have a few things to respond to that with.

We understand the relationship between culture and identity from who has moved into the neighborhood recently. There has been an influx of people who are young and have money. Therefor the housing prices have gone up which have made it more desirable for young people who have money to come and find a place to live. This has made it tough for people who have lower incomes to keep a house around there. Joseph has lived in the Marcy Holmes area for 12 years, he told us about how his rent has been going up over the past 5 years due to young, wealthy, professionals moving into the neighborhood.


According to, “The city’s ‘first neighborhood’ is now one of its hottest” ( I believe that since it was considered the “first neighborhood” makes it a more desirable place to live. It also has a great location as it is located on the Mississippi and just a quick walk to the Guthrie theater across the river. I believe this makes the area more in tune with the arts.


The Daily Planet says, “Marcy Holmes is a welcome mix of old and new, traditional and trendy” ( The historical background has influenced a connection between the new and old style of buildings. The Pillsbury A Mill is now being renovated and being converted into affordable apartments (DuBois, 2012). This is just a sample of how the new and old are being fused into one. The identity of the neighborhood in the 21st century is directly correlated to the past. Everywhere you walk there is something of historical significance, the Pillsbury A Mill is just one good example of that.


The affluent young professional is not the only identity in the neighborhood. There are students from the University of Minnesota as well that reside in Marcy Holmes. People around Marcy Holmes are looking to create more involvement opportunities  for University of Minnesota students. According to Novak, a MN Daily writer, “The Marcy Holmes Neighborhood Association is working to establish a Student Involvement Committee” (Novak, 2012). With the push for student involvement around the neighborhood, there will be the two identities (young professionals, and students) coming together for the greater good of their community.


The community influences people in Marcy Holmes to participate in events around the neighborhood. These social events are things such as a Ten Second Film Festival where people put together a 10 second film (pretty self explanatory) or an historic Frisbee golf tournament. These social events help create a social identity for the people living there and kind of a way of life for them.


The identity of Marcy Holmes is well respected by the larger Twin Cities “community”. It is prized by the Twin Cities because of two things, its history and the present state of the neighborhood. The region dates back 150 years to the beginning of Minneapolis (Metro Staff Team, 2011). It also was voted the in the top 10 places to live in Minneapolis (Metro Staff Team, 2011). Marcy Holmes has an identity of the youth of today coinciding with the success of today.


DuBois, A. (2012, April 18). Pillsbury a mill to be converted into affordable housing. Minnesota Daily. Retrieved from


Martin, J., & Nakayama, T. (2010). Intercultural communication in contexts. New York: McGraw-Hill.


Metro Staff Team. (2011, September). Top ten neighborhoods in minneapolis. Retrieved from


Novak, M. (2012, January 24). Marcy-holmes neighborhood group looks to add student involvement committee. Retrieved from


(n.d.). Retrieved from holmes?page=1


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When asked, “Why is it difficult to talk about race?” there are two opinions. Why it is and why it is not. I believe it is tough to talk about race for a couple of reasons. Those reasons being, it should not matter what your race is and the second reason is that people should not be limited to their race, religion, and culture. Although it is tough to talk about, it is necessary to talk about sometimes.

Race is something tough to talk about because you are bunching together people of the same skin color and saying that they all are alike. To start off, no one person is the same. There can be similarities such as skin color, religion, and where they come from, but no one person is the same.

There are two things that the author of Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria talks about,  those are prejudice and racism. According to Tatum, “Prejudice is a preconceived judgment or opinion, usually based on limited information” (Tatum, 5).  These prejudices usually come from stereotypes that are based off of knowledge that is taken from small events.

The next thing Tatum talks about is racism, he states racism as “a system of advantage based on race” (Tatum, 7). Racism and prejudice are two reasons why we should talk about race. The reasons being that if people have misconstrued information about a race then they are more likely to be prejudice toward that race and often racist too.

Another few questions being asked is, how should we discuss race? In what spaces? With what goals?

I believe that we should discuss race in a manner of respect. You should not be disrespected for the way you were born. No one can help who they are and what race they were born as. So why would someone be persecuted for something that they cant help?

I believe that race should be talked about in spaces where there is racial tension. If there is racial tension between two people would they hate each other if suddenly one day they were both the same race? I also think that race should be talked about in the schooling system. It should be mandatory for people to take a intercultural class and be exposed to other races viewpoints in a safe environment. This could solve some confusion between races and why they act the way they do.

I think that race should not be talked about in a professional environment. I think that because it should not matter what your race is if you are looking for a job. The best person available for the job should be chosen. For instance, when Obama was elected, a lot of people were talking about his race. You don’t ever hear anyone talk about the previous presidents races. It should not matter what race you are.

The goals that people talking about race should be to show that race doesn’t matter. It shouldn’t matter. The world can be an unfair place but race should not play a factor in that. The goal should be to make everyone equal no matter what color skin you have.



Tatum, B. (1997). Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?. (p. 294). Basic Books.

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Marcy Holmes

Marcy Holmes is an area of historic value. It was originally an Indian colony where they would worship the St. Anthony waterfall. It moved on to become “a place of affluent and trendy people” says Brian Shaap, a civilian on the street.

Some of the things that the neighborhood is worried about is the amount of affluent people moving into the area. The reason they are worried about that is because of the rising price in goods and living spaces says Joseph, a person who has lived in Marcy Holmes for 12 years. These high priced living areas are the apartments in the Marcy Holmes area. Joseph said that since the more affluent young professionals have started to move in they have made the property value go up.

There are two parts of Marcy Holmes, the part where the affluent young professionals live and where the students of University of Minnesota live. The students live more toward the University of Minnesota campus. Paul, a employee of Dunn Brothers Coffee, noticed that, “new students” come into the coffee shop quite often. He also noticed that “a lot of students to come here to study and was rated one of the best places to study in the area.” Paul also said, “people return to the Dunn Brothers to meet up with friends and with the influx of the students has made the art around the store change as well.”

As I proceeded to walk around the Marcy Holmes area I ran into an elderly couple, Bob and Joanne, who had lived here for 25 years. They talked about what it was like in the Marcy Holmes area back then. They said, “There were a lot of homeless people around and it was not safe to walk around at night in the area.” They proceeded to talk about how the place had developed from when the first lived there. They said, “there were no walking paths around, the Stone Arch Bridge wasn’t even started to being built, and a lot of shops have closed in the last 25 years as well.” Bob and Joanne were a wealth of information about Marcy Holmes and I learned a lot from how the area had developed and become what it is today.

The Marcy Holmes area is full of historic landmarks with every turn you take. They have places like the Pillsbury Mill which is currently not being used for anything. That is why the “Minnesota based company Dominium received $200,000 from the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development to renovate the historic Pillsbury A Mill into affordable housing”, according to the Minnesota Daily (DuBois, 2012). This would create more jobs and also more affordable living space for people who want to live in the Marcy Holmes area. It is said that it will take $112 million dollars to fund this project (DuBois, 2012). According to the project manager, “Its going to need an awful lot of work to turn it into affordable housing” (DuBois, 2012). All in all the renovation of this historic landmark will be a small stimulus plan for the area. It also is a great way to use the historic landmark. “You’re both saving historic building and bringing something new to the neighborhood” according to Ben Heywood, executive director of the Soap Factory (DuBois, 2012). This will be a huge addition to the Marcy Holmes area.

In 2011, Marcy Holmes was ranked number four in Metro Magazines “top places to live in Minneapolis” (Metro Staff Team, 2011). It has many reasons to be on of the top places to live, it is a perfect place for commuters as it is within walking distance from downtown, and the living spaces range from condos, nice apartments, to converted mansions, just to name a few accommodations around the area (Metro Staff Team, 2011). Just listing those accommodations shows why this is one of the top places to live within Minneapolis. Another reason as to why Marcy Holmes is an amazing place to live is “This riverside hamlet is the birthplace of the city, and more than 150 years later it remains vital to the Twin Cities’ food, art and culture landscapes” according to Metro Magazine (Metro Staff Team, 2011). This shows why Marcy Holmes has been one of the best places for young, trendy, professionals to live in Minneapolis.

Marcy Holmes is and has been emerging as a place for people to live. As you can see with the renovations going on around the area, the top 10 neighborhood rating in Minneapolis, and the insider point of view, that Marcy Holmes is going to keep attracting people to the area.


DuBois, A. (2012, April 18). Pillsbury a mill to be converted into affordable housing. Minnesota Daily. Retrieved from


Metro Staff Team. (2011, September). Top ten neighborhoods in minneapolis. Retrieved from


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Hi everyone! Th…

Hi everyone! Thanks for tuning in for todays questions, “What determines whose histories and stories get told? How does history impact intercultural communication?”

To answer the first question, the people who determine whose histories depends on what the histories are about and who they’re special to. If it is a family history then it will be passed down from generation to generation. According to Martin and Nakayama, “Family histories occur at the same time as other histories but on a more personal level. The often are not written down but are passed along orally from one generation to the next” (Martin and Nakayama, 124).

Family history is different than national history as far as where we learn it and who decides what we learn. The government decides what we learn for our national history because it is taught in schools. According to Martin and Nakayama, “U.S. citizens are expected to recognize the great events an the so-called great people (mostly men of European ancestry) who were influential in the development of the nation. In classes, students learn about the revolutionary war, Thomas Paine […] and so on” (Martin and Nakayama, 125).

The histories are determined by the people teaching them, and the stories are told by them as well.

To answer the second question, history impacts intercultural communication because if two cultures go head to head and dislike each other, then they are likely to still dislike each other after the fight is over. An example is the Protestants and the Irish Catholics. They have been to war with each other and still to this day dislike each other.

According to Martin and Nakayama, there are three ways to understand intercultural communication, “One way to understand specific relationships between communication and history is to examine the attitudes and notions that individuals bring to an interaction; these are the antecedents of contact. A second way is to look at the specific conditions of the interaction and the role that history plays in these contexts. Finally, we can examine how various histories are negotiated in intercultural interaction, apply a dialectical perspective to these different histories” (Martin and Nakayama, 146).

I believe that looking into how these three points will help both cultures understand each other and learn how to coexist in peace and happiness.

In history, it seems that it is sometimes tough to coexist with other cultures that you are not accustom to. I believe that a cultural difference, moral or value difference, and religious differences are a key ingredient to different cultures not getting along. If these cultures would learn how to communicate better then they would have an easier time understanding each other. The contact hypothesis states that, “the notion that better communication between groups of people is facilitated simply by bringing them together and allowing them to intact” (Martin and Nakayama, 149).

In conclusion, if cultures were to communicate more efficiently they would have a better history and a better future. Also, there are many different people who determine histories and there are many different types of histories but each one is decided by a different group or person.


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by | May 29, 2012 · 7:19 pm

Marcy Holmes is…

Marcy Holmes is a historic location in between Minneapolis and the University of Minnesota. It is comprised of many businesses, neighborhoods, restaurants, and apartment complexes. As of late, Marcy Holmes area is a trendy place where affluent young professionals hang out and live. The demographic has changed as well as the development of the surrounding Marcy Holmes area.

According to, “Native Americans were the first residents of our area. To them, the waterfall on the river was sacred and no warfare was permitted while visiting them. Father Louis Hennepin, a Franciscan priest captured by the Dakota, is credited with being the first European to see the falls in 1680” (Marcy-holmes).

Imagine a Minneapolis without any buildings, where the Mississippi flows freely and there were Indians scattered around the area. That would be an amazing site to see and also their way of life would be even more interesting to see. They believed that the waterfall was sacred. Imagine the ceremonies that would have been taking place around that waterfall.

Later on, when people started to flow into the Marcy Holmes area it started to become a place of business for white men (Marcy-holmes). According to, “The falls became the center for logging businesses and by 1850 census records show the town of St. Anthony Falls with a population of 656. The first store was opened in 1847, at what is now Main Street and Second Avenue SE; the first frame houses were built in 1848 and the first school was opened in 1849” (Marcy-holmes).

Within a 150 years the Marcy Holmes area went from an Indian territory to a place of business. They changed the Indians sacred waterfall into a way to make money from lumber. They started to put up schools and develop the area where the Indians were residing long before the white people had come into the Marcy Holmes area.

I go and see movies at the St. Anthony movie theater quite often and never knew the meaning behind that. I never knew that it was apart of the Marcy Holmes area. According to, “Eventually the town of St Anthony Falls incorporated in 1855, and was later named St. Anthony. It merged with Minneapolis in 1872.  Fifth Street became the premier address in the city. It was home to flour manufacturers, lumbermen, merchants and other civic leaders who built the town of St. Anthony. In 1976 a portion of 5th St. SE was designated a local historic district” (Marcy-holmes).

This intrigued me because I have never known much about the history around the area but now I am learning that it goes back to before our nation was considered an independent country from the British. The Marcy Holmes area dates way back and it is a place that has a lot of history. The history behind Marcy Holmes is amazing. I believe that everyone who lives in Minneapolis, or even around the Twin Cities, should go and visit the area.

Nowadays, Marcy Holmes is considered the first neighborhood in Minneapolis. According to, “The city’s “first neighborhood” is now one of its hottest. Quiet, nature-filled streets by day, an urban entertainment scene by night, Marcy-Holmes is a welcome mix of old and new, traditional and trendy. Conveniently located between downtown Minneapolis and the University of MN along the Mississippi River, you’ll find many small shops, as well as an array of nationally recognized restaurants and art galleries here” (tcdailyplanet). It has been an astounding transformation of the surrounding Marcy Holmes area. From the beginning, the Native Americans worshiping the waterfall and inhabiting the land before any of the white people came. Then to the white people coming in and making the waterfall a place to make money from lumber. Then transforming it to a neighborhood and starting schools around the Marcy Holmes area. Then it has been transforming ever since the Native Americans have settled here. All in all the Marcy Holmes area is a place not to be missed by people who live here. It also is a place to bring people who are visiting the area for a couple of days.

It has a beautiful view of the Minneapolis skyline now but in the past Im sure it was a sight to see when there was only Native Americans, their colony, and the waterfall of St. Anthony.





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by | May 25, 2012 · 6:50 pm