Author Archives: ryuxx074

Northeast Minneapolis, the last story…

From the beginning to end, Northeast Minneapolis has been always intrigued me with its unique history and culture. The culture they have today was not just formed all of a sudden. It was formed with its long history, environment, geography, demographics etc. These factors all had a crucial role to make the unique and nice neighborhood. 

Here is a good description that explains how does culture form usually. Sulekha.Com described culture as

A society or a nation has traditions, customs, social norms, values and forms of creative expressions. All these belong to culture. Therefore, each individual is a constant creator of individual, national and world culture. Thinkers and philosophers of a society influence millions of people with their thoughts. Our parents and neighbors hand over their traditions and customs to us. This is our heritage. When we are children, our culture is almost nonexistent except as inherited through past karma. Slowly we grow up and strengthen ourselves by cultivating values and creating a path for our lives.

This quote gives you an idea of how culture gets formed, and it explains well how long it takes and how it constantly and continuously changes as time goes on.

However, culture is not the only factor that determines or represents the neighborhood. It has other factors, such as the space of neighborhood. For example, the northeast Minneapolis is composed with 13 composing smaller neighborhoods. Therefore, the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood is large compare to other smaller neighborhoods. Historically, the heart of Northeast Minneapolis, St. Anthony, was a independent city and it was founded even before Minneapolis was founded. Although it is incorporated to Minneapolis as a neighborhood, with that reason, it is a larger neighborhood. 


The picture above is the Northeast Minneapolis space and its boundaries:

Again, historically, there were a lot of immigrants from East Europe, especially, Poland, Ukraine, and Lebanon. And this neighborhood is also the oldest settlement by a non-native Americans. For that reason, the culture of the neighborhood was largely influenced by the Eastern European culture. For example, there are many Eastern European restaurants, bars, and organizations. Moreover, there are so many churches and cathedrals that have their own nationalities. Some of them are now owned by third or fourth generation of the first immigrants, which is very unique and historical.

However, recently, there are some changes. After the government proposed the freeways, such as i-94 and i-35, there have been so many younger group of people have moved in to the neighborhoods due to its safety and quite environment. The large proportion of people of the younger group is student, and mostly they are studying at the University of Minnesota, Twin-Cities. Younger people brought an energetic environment to its local business. For example, the restaurant business is doing very well recently. So the average age of the population went down big time. Moreover, the ethnic groups became more diverse. It used to be at least 90 percent whites in this neighborhood, but it became very diverse these days because we can find that the proportion of white population went down significantly. 

Many people here are in a working-class. This fact impacts in the political view greatly. There is even a case fore it. In its history, the first mayor of St. Anthony when St. Anthony was a separated city, was elected with the power and influence of the Eastern European people who were in a working-class. Many people were the bar owners. Therefore, we can’t never ignore the power of resident’s working class. It might have been changed because the population became a lot younger and diverse.

In conclusion, culture and the living style of the neighborhood gets formed with a variety of factors. Nothing is useless to be used to construct the its own culture and living style. Even a little rock may have a potential or actual influence to culture. Therefore, nothing can be ignored, especially in the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood because it has been changing a bit by bit every year, and, now, it has its historical form, but with changes. However, they keep protect the originality. In other words, it’s a mix of modernity and historical context.

Sulekha .com




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Powerful Factors Affecting Northeast

Among the number of elements that shape the Northeast Minneapolis, the most powerful factors of composing the neighborhood are its geography, components of the population, and religion. These factors obviously have strong impacts to this neighborhood from the past to presents, and they will continuously add more influences in shaping Northeast Minneapolis’ distinguished culture and context physically and non-physically.

Since power has a close relationship with identity, these factors also could represent the how identity forms. Having its own identity and power is very critical matter for the neighborhoods to have its unique style of culture and contexts. For example, Geographer Gillian Rose describes as

“We develop a sense of place when we are in an area that we fit in, and that sense of place changes, just as our identities change, when we move to new areas.”

“Our ethnicity is centrally developed from our places, and things like ethnic neighborhoods and cultural restaurants develop when people migrate and settle in a new area so they can keep their identity and welcome others with similar ones.”

Once again, it is crucial to acknowledge the relationship between power and identity. If there is no identity, there will be no power as well.



The above picture is Northeast Minneapolis

Historically, the heart of St. Anthony was a separate city from Minneapolis. St. Anthony, with Mississippi river and the growing Mill industry, developed so quickly, and it was founded as a city prior to Minneapolis. However, due to its slow economy after the development, it was affiliated to Minneapolis only after 12 years of its foundation. Therefore, it was quite distinguished and isolated from other neighborhoods. However, as the freeway constructed such as I-94 North and I-35 West, the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood became very interactive with other neighborhoods quickly due to its convenient access. For example, the proportion of population became more diverse. Currently, there are more African American immigrants, more Asian international students, and more Hispanic immigrants.  For this reason, geography is one of the important powers.  Geographical changes cause changes of the neighborhood.



The picture above is Kramarczuk’s sausages

Demographic in Northeast Minneapolis has been changing for years. When this neighborhood was first established, there were mostly Eastern European immigrants and Native Americans. Due to the Mill industry, the residents were mostly a working-class. However, during recent years, there was a big revitalization to make the neighborhood better. Moreover, after the freeway was proposed, demographic of Northeast Minneapolis became more diverse and younger. In addition, there were many young artists moved near the Art district. After changes of the components of the population, the neighborhood became more dynamic. It doesn’t mean they lost their historical culture and identity, but it means that they added a dynamical and more diversified environment. I would say Northeast Minneapolis became more diverse, more energetic, and more artistic with its originality.

Side effect

It is not always good to have changes like this. Demographical and geographical changes brought some side effects. Mainly, the crime problem occurs more often than before. The northeast Minneapolis neighborhood used to be a very safe place. However, due to its changes, unfortunately, the crime rate has been growing up year by year. Many residents worry about the neighborhood becoming dangerous and unsafe.

Changes in Demographics could bring good and bad results as I described above. Therefore, this is another factor that has power which could change the living environment and culture.



The picture above is St John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Church

Northeast Minneapolis is also known as a religious part of Minneapolis. There are many churches and several cathedrals in this neighborhood area, and many churches and cathedral were built with its own nationalities. For instance, there are Ukrainian church, French church, and Lebanese church etc.  It is very unique that each church has its own nationality.  The churches around this neighborhood are also very active with community.  For example, they open the bible schools, and they also have many gathering events for elders.  It seems like that religious influence their culture crucially by communicating with the neighborhood’s society with the provision of social services.


The power, include geographic, demographic, and religion, gets strong relationship with the northeast neighborhood Minneapolis’ culture. Although it seems like there wasn’t a very much relationships in the past. However, with recent changes, the Northeast Minneapolis became more interactive with other neighborhood. I think it has a potential risk of losing its own unique identity due to the changes of the factors of power I mentioned. But, if its changes can be used in a beneficial way, it could keep the originality with the new and fresh changes in an environment of living, which it is now. In conclusion, geographic, demographic, and religion are the important factors that construct the power of forming the neighborhood, and in its intercultural communication. Therefore, we need to keep our eyes on these changes, and see the influences to the Northeast Minneapolis.


Geographer Gill


picture of kramarczuk

St John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Church


Northeast River district

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What makes the unique neighborhood like Northeast


Throughout exploring the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood, I have been collecting information of its history and contemporary context. By using the factors of this information, in this post, I would like to introduce the identity of the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood. Having an own identity gives the standard or measure that makes it differentiated compare to other towns and parts of the city

According to Northeast Minneapolis Online (NEMPLS), they defined the identity of the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood as:

Northeast Minneapolis is a community of neighborhoods. Each has a distinct character, but all share a common identity. With neighborhoods vibrant and cosmopolitan, historic and walkable, or quiet and residential, every lifestyle finds a home in Northeast.

Identity is usually made or formed with the mixture of history, location, environment, and the types of people live. In the case of the northeast neighborhood, as it has been changing a bit by bit, the factors of identity of the neighborhood had slight changes, although its essence has been steady.  You can think it as the core of the earth stays same, but the mantle of the earth has little influences by some outside effects.

Historical Context

The historical context plays a very important role in influences that the neighborhood had. To briefly recap the history of the neighborhood, St. Anthony (the heart of Northeast Minneapolis) was found as a city even before Minneapolis was founded. However, 12 years after its foundation, St. Anthony was affiliated in Minneapolis. From that time, it has been known as the part of the northeast neighborhood. One thing to be cautious about the location is that don’t get confused with “St, Anthony Village.” St. Anthony Village is not same as St. Anthony; there is no relationship between them. Traditionally, there are many smaller houses, and it is more packed due to a big portion of the working class neighborhood.

Historically, from the time when the northeast neighborhood was found as the city of St. Anthony in 1855, there were a lot of Eastern European immigrants. As a result of this, Northeast earned its nickname “Nordeast.”

As the Nickname, “Nordeast,” implies, Eastern Europeans and their culture are very influential to the neighborhood. According to the website of RFMAX, the 1st mayor of St. Anthony was elected with a huge support by tavern and bar owners who are from the East Europe area. Likewise, even during the recent years, there are still strong influences from Eastern European residents. For example, one of the most famous and oldest restaurants that were established in the earlier period serving East European foods, such as Nye’s Polonaise Room and Kramarczuk’s Sausage Company are still doing good with new businesses established on the districts. This restaurant business brings new energy that makes the neighborhood more energetic.

The picture of Nye’s Polonaise Room


Contemporary context

As I mentioned earlier in this post, some of the changes in recent years slightly influenced the identity of the neighborhood. Changes in the composition of the population, and the house reconstructing process are the two major changes and issues that strongly affected the identity of the neighborhood.

First one is the changes in the population. Although population was seems pretty much stable, the composition of the population had a big change. After the freeway i-94 North and I-35 West were proposed, there were many young people have moved into the northeast area. Especially, the students from the University of Minnesota, Twin-Cities, largely moved in the neighborhood. For that reason, the population age became younger. Moreover, the ethnic groups of the population became more diverse. For example, increases in Asian international students, Latino immigrants, and Somali immigrants made the northeast Minneapolis more diverse, which used to be predominantly composed with white people. In addition, the restaurant business has been developed with an increase of the student population.

Secondly, another main issue of the Northeast neighborhood is revitalization with the housing construction.  Due to continuous immigration of Eastern European at the neighborhood, during 20th, Northeast Minneapolis started reconstructing the houses. This revitalization, remodeling and reforming of the existing houses will be continuously progressing due to the higher demand for housing, and there will be also new houses and apartments will be constructed to satisfy the people who hope to live in Northeast Minneapolis.

As a result of these two effects, the northeast Minneapolis neighborhood is not as quiet and safe as before. More young people and an increasing population in the neighborhood instead made the town more energetic.  Moreover, many artists have been moving into the neighborhood area, there are many events relate to Arts.  However, there is a side effect too. The northeast neighborhood was known as a very safe place to live, but, during the past several years, the crime rate has been grown up so quickly. Some residents worry about if the neighborhood becomes like other unsafe neighborhoods. This is a serious problem, and if the crime rate is keep increasing, it will lose its title of the safety place. Meaning to say, that will cause a big change of the identity of the Northeast Minneapolis.

The picture of Art district


In conclusion, I would say the identity of the Northeast Minneapolis includes hostorical and modern sites simultaneouly. The contemporary contexts may influenced the identity of the neighborhood. However, the essence of the identity that has been built throught the century did not change. Northeast Minneapolis, “Nordeast,” is the alive legacy in Minneapolis.




Art District Website

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Race is not a topic to be afraid of…

Beverly Daniel Tatum’  “Why Are all the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?” gives a good point of how is the perception and identity in race constructed from the early years to adulthood with a comparison between white and black. This book motivates to have thoughts about race more specifically. For example, in the case of blacks’ early years, children can easily notice that they look different, and, during the adolescent period, although they don’t realize the racial problems, they eventually become aware of the differences between majorities and them as experiencing some crucial impacts of races. As a result of this periodical happening, blacks feel the gaps and, sometimes, it will lead to anger in them. Lastly, they internalize all the thoughts of races they have, and it becomes one’s racial identity.

 If Beverly Daniel Tatum’ hypotheses of the identity construction is true, there should be a good treatment that could make better interactions between these two groups. Since it is obvious that there is a color difference on them, they need to accept the difference. However, it doesn’t mean that colored people have to be apart from the majority group. Within good answers of parents from the questions about the races children have, the gap between the races will be reduced and alleviated.

Then, let’s look at how to talk about race. As many people aware of, discussing about race is very tough. However, in my view, race is in need of being discussed to open ethnic groups’ minds and eyes. Here, I mean discuss, not just unnecessary talk. Just talking about races unnecessarily could make other ethnic groups’ feeling bad, and it is rude.

However, since it is still a sensitive topic for everyone, people need to be little more cautious when they choose the space and when they spit out their words. For example, talking about race with family at home is definitely fine. However, if race is being discussed in the public placed like buses or subways, it becomes a very inappropriate topic due to its sensitivity. But, by discussing about race, people can increase the probability of breaking their racial/ethnic stereotypes and prejudices they have.

To sum up, to minimize the gaps between ethnic groups we need to discuss about race. The whole purpose of discussing should be to solve the problems, but not complaining at each other. For this reason, race is the topic that should be talked or discussed with their peers, families, colleagues etc. It not common and still sensitive, therefore it gets little harder to get started. However, if this culture sets in a good and right way, later it could play a crucial role as a solution of racial/ethnic problems.

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Contemporary context- Northeast Minneapolis

Within its old history and diverse culture, the Northeast neighborhood gets its complexity in social, political and historical structures. Articles pertaining to this neighborhood are not focusing one type of issue, but rather these are diversified in variety aspects.

The Northeast neighborhood Minneapolis is a quite peaceful place compare to other parts of Minneapolis, although its crime rate is increasing year by year. However, there is still a very few articles about crime; for the crime, it will be explained in detail in later part of this blog. In general, local newspapers mostly introduce about the current and upcoming events.

The first impression of Northeast neighborhood by looking at the media is that this neighborhood must be closely related to arts. Among the number of events listed in community or local newspapers, such as Northeaster, Arts relating events took a large proportion of events.  Although the population of Northeast is steady at 37,000 according to the statistic census from Northeaser, Northeast continuously stay active and diverse with a variety of events.

If search Newspapers in a little more detail, there are some problems in the Neighborhood. Some of them are the usual problems that I other cities have, but there are some problems that seem like unusual because its problem is occuring from the Mississippi river.

First of all,  as I mentioned, unlike other cities, with Mississippi river, Northeast neighborhood has unusual issues. The heart of Northeast, St. Anthony, is having a problem with keeping native fishes in Mississippi river. In the press “Bill would close St. Anthony lock to slow Asian carp” by Matt Herbert from Minnesota Daily, Ellison who is leading the House bill said:

“This bill is an important first step in combating this invasive species, and I’m proud that we’ve come together as a congressional delegation to take decisive action and to protect our environment and our economy”

Another problem is crime, which was mentioned earlier briefly. The Northeast neighborhoood used to have a very low rate of crimes. However, there has been a huge increase of crime, so it is not as safe as before. In a statistic from the City of Minneapolis, there were 6 crimes in Logan Park, 13 crimes in Sheridan, 3 crimes in St. Anthony East, and 4 crimes in St. Anthony West at November 2000. But in November 2011, there were 11 crimes in Logan Park, 10 crimes in Sheridan, 88 crimes in St, Anthony East, and 81 in St. Anthony West. There is a significant increase in St. Anthony East and West.

For instance, there was one dead woman recently found. According to KARE11, it was by shooting in Northeast Minneapolis on Wendsday, May 23rd, 2012.  She was late 20, she was moved to Hennepin County Medical Center, but, eventually, she died. This criminal activity proves how the neighborhood became more dangerous.

On the City- Data. Com, some anonymous web-users posted about Northeast neighborhood’s safety as although Northeast Minneapolis used to be safe, not like North Minneapolis which is well-known as dangeours and unsafe, it has been changed and it became more like North Minneapolis.

Due to its increasing rate of crime activities, residents in the Northeast neighborhood organized the Northeast Citizen Patrol (NECP). NECP currently receiving volunteers and supporters as a non-profit organization. They assist walking/biking groups in the neighborhood. The NECP is an all volunteer organization, so, again, it’s very important to have donators, volunteer workers, and supporters.

Lastly, there is one last issue that should be resolved to reduce concers of the residents. There is a problem with the waste facility. According to Don’t Dump on Northeast, the City does not have the proper heavy industrial zoning required for the type of hazardous and other waste collection tranfer processe it had propoesed to esatablish at a new facility at its chosen site at 27th and University in Northeast Minneapolis. As a lawsuit proceeding with in the idea of Don’t Dump on Northeast, the city fianlly admits the problems and will make a move to solve the problem.


The Northeast in media is generally artistic, diverse, and active within its interactive culture. Many events with different themes are enough to be interculturally communicating with people. Media is also helpful to advertise a vartiety of events on their websites and Newspapers. Local commnunity seems very interactive with the organizations and the residents. However, the raising crime rate, and other issues about the environment of Northeast Minneapolis are the huge problems that will need to be sloved. Within continuing its divers culture and active events, and solving the problems, northeast Minneapolis will lead the trend and continuously be the town with the historic and modern atmosphere.


Northeaster Main page

Northeaster Census

Minnesota Daily ( Asian Carp)

City of Minneapolis

KARE 11 ( Woman Murdered)

City-Data. Come

Northeast Citizen Patrol (NECP)

Waste facility plans

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Interview at The Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church

The Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church is one of the oldest churches in Minneapolis. Its history begins at 1849. Fr. Augustine Ravooux, pastor at St. Peter’s built a mission church in St. Anthony. By that time, the church was composed with mostly French and native Americans. This Catholic Church currently influences to the local community by the schools that built with a several times of remodeling, and eldercare for residents etc. Sera and I had an interview with one of the employees in the church. She was happy to have a interview us even if she was having some kind of gathering with elder people.


How long have you been living in St. Anthony?

well, I work here, but I live in St. Paul.

Then, how long have you been working for the church?

I worked here for 20 years, such a long time.

What do you do when you are not working?

I go to Mississippi river with my family, or go out for dinner.

So how is Mississippi river like? I pass Mississippi river many times when I’m driving, but I’ve never been to Mississippi river.

Well, this is the good time to visit Mississippi river. Nice weather… It’s a good place to walk, and spend your time. Many people come by, so I would say it’s a good place for the rest.

Can you tell me a little bit of history about St. Anthony?

If you see that picture (pointing at the picture of  Fr. Louis Hennepin), his a father of Fr. Louis Hennepin. We were named by him at 1680. We started as a Universalities church, but later, with renovation, the church became Catholic.


So people here are mostly Catholic?

I really don’t know about this, but I can there is a number of Cathedrals and churches.  I think there is a French Canadian church near St.Anthony. And I can tell that the churches here are built with their own nationalities.

That a long time. Since you told me you have been working here for 20 years, is there any big changes in this area?

Well, recently, many people are trying to move to near by the Mississippi river side due to its re-foundation and revitalization. I would say this is a developing area, and more and more people move to Mississippi river every year.

Here is my last question. So is business in St. Anthony doing well?

This are has been changed a lot. Business grew up at some points, but it ran down too. Historically, St. Anthony used to be a separated city with growing Mill industries. However, eventually, St.Anthony was incorporated with Minneapolis. Current businesses here are doing okay.

Thank you for  your time do you mind if I use your name on the blog? 

Yeah. Of course.

Thank you, I will just ask your first name for your privacy.

Oh, Okay, It’s Rosen.

Thank you Rosen

Jiwoong, Ryu, Sera Lee.

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The power of History

History plays a very important role for the improvement of our contemporary understanding of culture and identity. Especially, in the United States of America, as the word “United” shows, this is the country that contains almost every culture of different ethnic groups. I would say the United States of America as full of history and culture that incorporates diversity in every aspect of groups. Within the incorporation of different ethnic groups, there are a lot of controversies are going on today. This controversy has lit up and became bigger, and ended up with many textbook controversies. The Texas textbook controversy and Precious Knowledge documentary could be good examples that describe how history influences the intercultural communication today.

Texas is one of the largest states in America that influences other states’ text book market. Therefore, if Texas adapts a new textbook, then, the cost of this new textbook will go down, and, eventually, other states will start using this textbook. Therefore, it is important to look at the changes in the textbooks in Texas, and making a change needs to be always cautious. The article “History speak out against proposed Texas textbook changes” by Michael Birnbaum describes about the controversy in Texas textbook by giving good examples. This article basically tells the revisions of Textbook are inaccurate. For example, playing down Thomas Jefferson among the founding fathers, questioning the separation of church and state, and claiming that the U.S government was infiltrated by communist during the cold war should be unacceptable to people who already know at least a little bit about the U.S history. We all know Thomas Jefferson is the most important person at the period of founding America. In another case of this article, state’s border denies to include Hip-hop as an American culture while accepting to give more attention to President Reagan. It could be understood differently by the perceptions; to me, it can be counted as discrimination towards African Americans. Nothing can determine whose histories and stories get told. I mean that nothing is more important than others in History. Political issues, racial discriminations, ethnic problems, traditional music etc, are equally important. Everything is needed to be reveal clearly and truly because it affects peoples’ fundamental thoughts of looking at the culture today.

History has power that influence to intercultural communication. Then what is intercultural communication? By WIKIPEDIA, the definition of intercultural communication is a form of global communication; it is used to describe the wide range of communication problems that naturally appear within an organization made up of individuals from different religious, social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds. As we look at the last part of definition, we can figure out intercultural communication is built from diversity of backgrounds; backgrounds can be considered as a history of individuals.  From the article “Birch and Sutherland, “Who’s Not Here Yet,” we can learn how the society impacted intercultural communication. This article describes how disability wasn’t supported in society and how society has been changing towards disability. In this article, there is a case that father killed his disabled son. However, that father was not guilty in that case. We could think about him as a crazy barbarian today.

As I mentioned, once again, I want to emphasize that history does have a strong influence to individuals’ intercultural communication and contemporary understanding of culture and Identity. Therefore, schools and teachers need to use the right textbook and teach in a right way for grow their students’ understanding of culture, identity, and history.

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